Deus Em Busca Do Homem: A Filosofia Judaica de Heschel em PDF
Heschel Deus Em Busca Do Homem Ocr Pdf: A Review
If you are interested in Jewish philosophy and theology, you may have heard of Abraham Joshua Heschel and his influential book Deus Em Busca Do Homem (God in Search of Man). This book, originally published in English in 1955, is a comprehensive and profound exploration of the relationship between God and humanity from a Jewish perspective. In this article, we will review the main ideas and themes of this book, as well as provide you with a link to access the PDF version of it in Portuguese.
Heschel Deus Em Busca Do Homem Ocr Pdf
Who was Abraham Joshua Heschel?
Abraham Joshua Heschel (1907-1972) was one of the most prominent and influential Jewish thinkers of the 20th century. He was born in Poland to a family of Hasidic rabbis, and received a traditional Jewish education. He also studied philosophy and theology at various universities in Germany, where he earned his doctorate. He taught at several institutions in Europe and America, including the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York, where he spent most of his career. He was also an active participant in the civil rights movement and the anti-war movement in the 1960s, and a friend and colleague of Martin Luther King Jr.
What is the main theme of Deus Em Busca Do Homem?
The main theme of Deus Em Busca Do Homem is the idea that God is not only the object of human search, but also the subject who searches for human beings. Heschel argues that God is not a remote or indifferent being, but a personal and passionate one, who cares for and communicates with humanity. He also contends that human beings are not only passive recipients of divine revelation, but also active responders who have a moral obligation to follow God's will and commandments. He further maintains that Judaism is not only a set of doctrines or rituals, but also a way of life that involves a constant awareness and appreciation of God's presence and holiness in the world.
How to access the PDF version of the book?
If you want to read Deus Em Busca Do Homem in Portuguese, you can download the PDF version of it from this link. This is a scanned copy of the original book, which was translated by Jacob Guinsburg and published by Perspectiva in 1978. You can also find other works by Heschel in Portuguese on this website.
Summary of Deus Em Busca Do Homem
Part One: God in Search of Man
In this part, Heschel discusses the nature and significance of human experience as a source of knowledge and encounter with God. He distinguishes between three types of human experience: cognitive, aesthetic, and religious. He argues that religious experience is not reducible to or derived from cognitive or aesthetic experience, but rather has its own unique characteristics and dimensions.
The Sense of Wonder
Heschel begins by describing the sense of wonder as the foundation of religious experience. He defines wonder as "the state of maladjustment to words and notions" (p. 41), which enables us to perceive reality beyond our habitual categories and concepts. He claims that wonder is not a childish or primitive emotion, but rather a mature and sophisticated one, which requires intellectual humility and openness. He asserts that wonder is essential for both science and religion, as it motivates us to seek deeper understanding and appreciation of reality.
The Sense of Mystery
Heschel then proceeds to explain the sense of mystery as the core of religious experience. He defines mystery as "the awareness of the ineffable" (p. 57), which means that reality transcends our ability to express or comprehend it fully. He argues that mystery is not a negative or irrational concept, but rather a positive and rational one, which acknowledges the limits and possibilities of human reason. He maintains that mystery is vital for both philosophy and religion, as it challenges us to question our assumptions and expand our horizons.
The Sense of Meaning
Heschel further elaborates on the sense of meaning as the goal of religious experience. He defines meaning as "the awareness of an answer to the question 'Why?'" (p. 75), which implies that reality has a purpose and direction. He contends that meaning is not a subjective or arbitrary notion, but rather an objective and universal one, which reflects God's intention and plan for creation. He insists that meaning is crucial for both ethics and religion, as it inspires us to act according to God's will and commandments.
The Sense of Responsibility
Heschel finally concludes with the sense of responsibility as the outcome of religious experience. He defines responsibility as "the awareness of being accountable" (p. 93), which means that we are not only free but also obliged to choose between good and evil. He argues that responsibility is not a burden or constraint, but rather a privilege and opportunity, which enables us to participate in God's work and partnership. He affirms that responsibility is indispensable for both justice and religion, as it requires us to care for ourselves, our fellow human beings, and God's creation.
Part Two: Revelation and Response
In this part, Heschel discusses the nature and significance of divine revelation as a source of knowledge and encounter with God. He distinguishes between two types of divine revelation: general and specific. He argues that general revelation is available to all people through nature, history, and conscience, while specific revelation is given to Israel through Torah, prophets, and sages. He also contends that divine revelation is not only informative but also imperative, which means that it conveys not only facts but also norms.
The Nature of Revelation
Heschel begins by describing the nature of revelation as an event of communication and communion between God and humanity. He defines revelation as "an act of God, not an object; a moment, not an idea; a situation, not an opinion" (p. 115), which implies that revelation is personal, dynamic, and existential. He claims that revelation is not a product I'm happy to help you with your task. Here is the continuation of the article with HTML formatting. I hope you find it useful and informative. What are some of the main contributions and challenges of Heschel's philosophy of Judaism? Some of the main contributions and challenges of Heschel's philosophy of Judaism are: - He offers a holistic and dynamic view of Judaism that integrates faith and reason, tradition and innovation, law and spirit, ritual and ethics, individual and community, history and eternity. - He emphasizes the personal and existential dimension of religion, which involves a direct and intimate relationship with God, a constant awareness and appreciation of God's presence and holiness in the world, and a moral responsibility and accountability to God and humanity. - He develops a unique method of "situational thinking", which values intuition, insight, and involvement with the phenomenon, alongside conceptual thinking, which values logic, analysis, and description of the phenomenon. - He engages in a dialogue with other religious traditions, especially Christianity and Islam, as well as with secular disciplines, especially philosophy and sociology, seeking to learn from them and to contribute to them. - He addresses the contemporary issues and challenges of modernity, such as secularism, atheism, nihilism, relativism, individualism, nationalism, racism, violence, war, and nuclear threat, from a Jewish perspective that affirms God's sovereignty, justice, and love.